The Autopoiesis of Architecture, Volume II

The Autopoiesis of Architecture, Volume II

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  • Author: Patrik Schumacher
  • Publisher: Wiley
  • ISBN: 9780470666166
  • Category : Architecture
  • Languages : en
  • Pages : 784

This is the second part of a major theoretical work by Patrik Schumacher, which outlines how the discipline of architecture should be understood as its own distinct system of communication. Autopoeisis comes from the Greek and means literally self-production; it was first adopted in biology in the 1970s to describe the essential characteristics of life as a circular self-organizing system and has since been transposed into a theory of social systems. This new approach offers architecture an arsenal of general comparative concepts. It allows architecture to be understood as a distinct discipline, which can be analyzed in elaborate detail while at the same time offering insightful comparisons with other subject areas, such as art, science and political discourse. On the basis of such comparisons the book insists on the necessity of disciplinary autonomy and argues for a sharp demarcation of design from both art and engineering. Schumacher accordingly argues controversially that design as a discipline has its own sui generis intelligence – with its own internal logic, reach and limitations. Whereas the first volume provides the theoretical groundwork for Schumacher’s ideas – focusing on architecture as an autopoeitic system, with its own theory, history, medium and its unique societal function – the second volume addresses the specific, contemporary challenges and tasks that architecture faces. It formulates these tasks, looking specifically at how architecture is seeking to organize and articulate the complexity of post-fordist network society. The volume explicitly addresses how current architecture can upgrade its design methodology in the face of an increasingly demanding task environment, characterized by both complexity and novelty. Architecture’s specific role within contemporary society is explained and its relationship to politics is clarified. Finally, the new, global style of Parametricism is introduced and theoretically grounded.


The Autopoiesis of Architecture

The Autopoiesis of Architecture

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  • Author: Patrik Schumacher
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons Incorporated
  • ISBN: 9780470772980
  • Category : Architecture
  • Languages : en
  • Pages : 478

4 The Medium of Architecture. 4.1 Medium and Form. 4.1.1 Symbolically Generalized Media of Communication. 4.1.2 The Medium as Revealing and Concealing. 4.1.3 The Medium as Universe of Possibilities. 4.1.4 Medium and Manner. 4.1.5 The Standard Medium of Architecture. 4.1.6 Recursive Self-reference. 4.2 The Medium and the Time Structure of the Design Process. 4.2.1 Differance: The Productive Vagueness of the Medium. 4.2.2 The Diagram. 4.2.3 Specious vs Point-like Time: The Time Structure of the Architectural Project. 5 The Societal Function of Architecture. 5.1 Architecture as Societal Function System. 5.1.1 Function vs Service. 5.1.2 Function Systems and the Functional Exigencies of Society. 5.1.3 Framing as Societal Function of Architecture. 5.1.4 The Definition of the Situation as Precondition of Social Interaction. 5.1.5 Framing Double Contingency. 5.1.6 Double Contingency Radicalized. 5.1.7 The relationship between Art and Architecture in terms of their Societal Function. 5.2 Innovation as Crucial Aspect of Architecture's Societal Function. 5.2.1 The Burden and Risk of Permanent Innovation. 5.2.2 The Innovative Capacity of Architecture's Operations and Structures. 5.2.3 Variation, Redundancy and Adaptive Pertinence. 5.3 Strategies and Techniques of Innovation. 5.3.1 The Power of Abstraction. 5.3.2 The history of Architectural Innovations. 5.3.3 Conceptual Manoeuvres. 5.4 Key Innovations: Place, Space, Field. 5.4.1 The Emergence of Architectural Space. 5.4.2 The Hegemony of Architectural Space. 5.4.3 The Transcendence of Architectural Space. 5.4.4 From Space to Field.


The Autopoiesis of Architecture, Volume II

The Autopoiesis of Architecture, Volume II

PDF The Autopoiesis of Architecture, Volume II Download

  • Author: Patrik Schumacher
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
  • ISBN: 1119940478
  • Category : Architecture
  • Languages : en
  • Pages : 784

This is the second part of a major theoretical work by Patrik Schumacher, which outlines how the discipline of architecture should be understood as its own distinct system of communication. Autopoeisis comes from the Greek and means literally self-production; it was first adopted in biology in the 1970s to describe the essential characteristics of life as a circular self-organizing system and has since been transposed into a theory of social systems. This new approach offers architecture an arsenal of general comparative concepts. It allows architecture to be understood as a distinct discipline, which can be analyzed in elaborate detail while at the same time offering insightful comparisons with other subject areas, such as art, science and political discourse. On the basis of such comparisons the book insists on the necessity of disciplinary autonomy and argues for a sharp demarcation of design from both art and engineering. Schumacher accordingly argues controversially that design as a discipline has its own sui generis intelligence – with its own internal logic, reach and limitations. Whereas the first volume provides the theoretical groundwork for Schumacher’s ideas – focusing on architecture as an autopoeitic system, with its own theory, history, medium and its unique societal function – the second volume addresses the specific, contemporary challenges and tasks that architecture faces. It formulates these tasks, looking specifically at how architecture is seeking to organize and articulate the complexity of post-fordist network society. The volume explicitly addresses how current architecture can upgrade its design methodology in the face of an increasingly demanding task environment, characterized by both complexity and novelty. Architecture’s specific role within contemporary society is explained and its relationship to politics is clarified. Finally, the new, global style of Parametricism is introduced and theoretically grounded.


The Autopoiesis of Architecture, Volume I

The Autopoiesis of Architecture, Volume I

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  • Author: Patrik Schumacher
  • Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
  • ISBN: 1119990491
  • Category : Architecture
  • Languages : en
  • Pages : 478

Take a theoretical approach to architecture with The Autopoiesis of Architecture, which presents the topic as a discipline with its own unique logic. Architecture's conception of itself is addressed as well as its development within wider contemporary society. Author Patrik Schumacher offers innovative treatment that enriches architectural theory with a coordinated arsenal of concepts facilitating both detailed analysis and insightful comparisons with other domains, such as art, science and politics. He explores how the various modes of communication comprising architecture depend upon each other, combine, and form a unique subsystem of society that co-evolves with other important autopoietic subsystems like art, science, politics and the economy. The first of two volumes that together present a comprehensive account of architecture's autopoiesis, this book elaborates the theory of architecture?s autopoeisis in 8 parts, 50 sections and 200 chapters. Each of the 50 sections poses a thesis drawing a central message from the insights articulated within the respective section. The 200 chapters are gathering and sorting the accumulated intelligence of the discipline according to the new conceptual framework adopted, in order to catalyze and elaborate the new formulations and insights that are then encapsulated in the theses. However, while the theoretical work in the text of the chapters relies on the rigorous build up of a new theoretical language, the theses are written in ordinary language ? with the theoretical concepts placed in brackets. The full list of the 50 theses affords a convenient summary printed as appendix at the end of the book. The second volume completes the analysis of the discourse and further proposes a new agenda for contemporary architecture in response to the challenges and opportunities that confront architectural design within the context of current societal and technological developments.


Architecture for the Commons

Architecture for the Commons

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  • Author: Jose Sanchez
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 0429778015
  • Category : Architecture
  • Languages : en
  • Pages : 134

Architecture for the Commons dives into an analysis of how the tectonics of a building is fundamentally linked to the economic organizations that allow them to exist. By tracing the origins and promises of current technological practices in design, the book provides an alternative path, one that reconsiders the means of achieving complexity through combinatorial strategies. This move requires reconsidering serial production with crowdsourcing and user content in mind. The ideas presented will be explored through the design research developed within Plethora Project, a design practice that explores the use of video game interfaces as a mechanism for participation and user design. The research work presented throughout the book seeks to align with a larger project that is currently taking place in many different fields: The Construction of the Commons. By developing both the ideological and physical infrastructure, the project of the Commons has become an antidote to current economic practices that perpetuate inequality. The mechanisms of the production and governance of the Commons are discussed, inviting the reader to get involved and participate in the discussion. The current political and economic landscape calls for a reformulation of our current economic practices and alternative value systems that challenge the current market monopolies. This book will be of great interest not only to architects and designers studying the impact of digital technologies in the field of design but also to researchers studying novel techniques for social participation and cooperating of communities through digital networks. The book connects principles of architecture, economics and social sciences to provide alternatives to the current production trends.


The Architecture of Neoliberalism

The Architecture of Neoliberalism

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  • Author: Douglas Spencer
  • Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
  • ISBN: 1472581539
  • Category : Architecture
  • Languages : en
  • Pages : 232

The Architecture of Neoliberalism pursues an uncompromising critique of the neoliberal turn in contemporary architecture. This book reveals how a self-styled parametric and post-critical architecture serves mechanisms of control and compliance while promoting itself, at the same time, as progressive. Spencer's incisive analysis of the architecture and writings of figures such as Zaha Hadid, Patrik Schumacher, Rem Koolhaas, and Greg Lynn shows them to be in thrall to the same notions of liberty as are propounded in neoliberal thought. Analysing architectural projects in the fields of education, consumption and labour, The Architecture of Neoliberalism examines the part played by contemporary architecture in refashioning human subjects into the compliant figures - student-entrepreneurs, citizen-consumers and team-workers - requisite to the universal implementation of a form of existence devoted to market imperatives.


Beyond Media Borders, Volume 2

Beyond Media Borders, Volume 2

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  • Author: Lars Elleström
  • Publisher: Springer Nature
  • ISBN: 303049683X
  • Category : Social Science
  • Languages : en
  • Pages : 242

This open access book promotes the idea that all media types are multimodal and that comparing media types, through an intermedial lens, necessarily involves analysing these multimodal traits. The collection includes a series of interconnected articles that illustrate and clarify how the concepts developed in Elleström’s influential article The Modalities of Media: A Model for Understanding Intermedial Relations (Palgrave Macmillan, 2010) can be used for methodical investigation and interpretation of media traits and media interrelations. The authors work with a wide range of old and new media types that are traditionally investigated through limited, media-specific concepts. The publication is a significant contribution to interdisciplinary research, advancing the frontiers of conceptual as well as practical understanding of media interrelations. This is the second of two volumes. It contains a concluding article by Elleström and seven contributions concentrated on the issue of media transformations: how media characteristics are transferred and transfigured among various media products and media types.


Play Among Books

Play Among Books

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  • Author: Miro Roman
  • Publisher: Birkhäuser
  • ISBN: 3035624054
  • Category : Architecture
  • Languages : en
  • Pages : 528

How does coding change the way we think about architecture? This question opens up an important research perspective. In this book, Miro Roman and his AI Alice_ch3n81 develop a playful scenario in which they propose coding as the new literacy of information. They convey knowledge in the form of a project model that links the fields of architecture and information through two interwoven narrative strands in an “infinite flow” of real books. Focusing on the intersection of information technology and architectural formulation, the authors create an evolving intellectual reflection on digital architecture and computer science.


Paradigms in Computing

Paradigms in Computing

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  • Author: David Jason Gerber
  • Publisher: eVolo Press
  • ISBN: 1938740114
  • Category : Architecture
  • Languages : en
  • Pages : 404

Paradigms in Computing: Making, Machines, and Models for Design Agency in Architecture brings together critical, theoretical, and practical research and design that illustrates the plurality of computing approaches within the broad spectrum of design and mediated practices. It is an interrogation of our primary field of architecture through the lens of computing, and yet one that realizes a productive expanding of our métier’s definition and boundaries. It is a compilation that purposefully promotes architecture’s disciplinary reach and incorporations beyond the design and construction of buildings and cities. The book offers a glimpse into the wide range of positions and experiences that are shaping practice and discourse today. The work included in Paradigms in Computing is evidence that models for enquiry are many and proliferating. As digitalization and computation continue to infuse our processes with new tools and new design environments, some of the trends collected in this book will continue to be central to the production and speculation of architecture, and others will, in retrospect, be recognized as the seeds of new, or perhaps multiple, paradigms. Included are essays and projects, from; Alisa Andrasek, Rachel Armstrong, Philip Beesley, Tom Bessai, Shajay Bhooshan, Brad Cantrel, Matias Del Campo, Pablo Eiroa, Marc Fornes, David Jason Gerber, Maria Paz Gutierrez, Alvin Huang, Jason Kelly Johnson, Simon Kim, Neil Leach, Greg Lynn, Elena and Anna Maria Manferdini, Alex McDowell, Phillippe Morel, Nick Puckett, Casey Reas, Alex Robinson, Jenny Sabin, Jose Sanchez, Patrik Schumacher, Kyle Steinfeld, Satoru Sugihara, Orkan Telhan, Kathy Velikov and Geoffrey Thun, Tom Verebes, Leire Asensio Villoria and David Mah, Jenny Wu, Eric Howeler and Meejin Yoon, and Zaha Hadid Architects.


Philosophical Difference and Advanced Computation in Architectural Theory

Philosophical Difference and Advanced Computation in Architectural Theory

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  • Author: Jefferson Ellinger
  • Publisher: Routledge
  • ISBN: 1000452115
  • Category : Architecture
  • Languages : en
  • Pages : 180

This book presents a new take on the evolution of digital design theories in architecture from modernity to today, as they have been inspired both by contemporary philosophy and the emergence and access to advanced computation. It focuses on how concepts of difference in philosophy transformed architectural design theory and takes on even more significance with the introduction and ubiquitous use of computers within the discipline, changing the architectural design paradigm forever. Beginning with a presentation of American Pragmatism’s push towards process, the book continues on to Husserl’s influence on the modern movement, mid-century phenomenology, post-structuralist Derridean exchanges with architects, the Deleuzian influence on the smoothing of form and finally contemporary architectural references to speculative realism. Analyzing the arc of design theory as influenced by philosophical and computational logics, this book presents the transformation to contemporary design approaches that includes more biology, more data and more information, moving from "less is more" to "From Less to More!" Philosophical Difference and Advanced Computation in Architectural Theory is an influential read for students and academics of architectural theory, computational design and related areas.